Справочник лекарств
 
Каталог лекарств
Drugs
The alkaloids and other vegetable matters having cytostatic impact (6)
The alkylating substances (24)
Amino acids (10)
Analgesic means (56)
Vasoprotectives (10)
Anorexigenic means (3)
Antagonists of calcium ions (8)
Antiarrhytmic drugs (15)
Antigiperlipoproteinemichesky (anti-atherosclerotic) means (11)
Antimetabolites (24)
Antiseptics (87)
Vitamins and related drugs (66)
Hepatoprotective means (8)
Antihypertensives (10)
Histamine and antihistaminic drugs (22)
Hormone. Ven., their antagonists applied mainly at treatment oncological a disease (14)
Hormones, their analogs and anti-hormonal drugs (93)
Diuretic means (25)
Dopamine and dofaminergichesky drugs (2)
Bile-expelling means (16)
Immunosuppressive drugs (immunosuppressors) (6)
Cardiotonic means (18)
Expectorants (25)
Plasma substituting and disintoxication solutions (23)
Drugs for parenteral nutrition (12)
Drugs for prevention and treatment of radiation sickness (5)
The drugs substituting synovial and plaintive liquids (0)
The drugs used for correction of an acid-base state and ionic balance in organiz (48)
The drugs stimulating processes of immunity (13)
Prostaglandin and their synthetic derivatives (2)
Antineoplastic antibiotics (10)
Anticonvulsants (17)
Different diagnostic means (5)
Different drugs the stimulating metabolic processes (56)
Emetic and antiemetic drugs (7)
X-ray contrast means (13)
Sahara (2)
Serotonin, serotonergic and antiserotoninovy drugs (6)
Synthetic antineoplastic drugs of different groups (5)
Depletive (30)
Sleeping medicines (11)
Special means for treatment of alcoholism (4)
Specific antidotes; sorbents; complexons (15)
Means for treatment of parkinsonism (14)
Anesthetics (14)
The means influencing fibrillation (34)
The means operating on peripheral cholinergic processes (57)
The means operating mainly on peripheral adrenergic processes. (38)
The means increasing arterial blood pressure (2)
The means lowering sensitivity of nerve terminations (55)
The means relaxing muscles of a uterus (tokolitika) (4)
The means stimulating uterus muscles (17)
The means stimulating receptors of mucous membranes, skin and hypodermic fabrics (31)
The means which are slowing down formation of uric concrements and facilitating their removal with urine (20)
The means improving blood supply of bodies and fabrics (48)
Fermental drugs and inhibitors of enzymes (35)
The enzymes applied to treatment of oncological diseases (1)
The photosensitizing and photoprotective drugs (6)
Cholelitholytic means (2)
New drugs on the website (1)
Psychotropic drugs (112)
Khimioterapevticheskiyey means (221)
Last comments
04.07.2016 - HOPE
03.07.2016 - Ella
03.07.2016 - Ira
29.06.2016 -
23.06.2016 -
20.06.2016 - Natalya
18.06.2016 -
18.06.2016 - the novel
16.06.2016 - Elena
15.06.2016 - the Hairpin

Plasma substituting and disintoxication solutions

Drugs on the basis of a dextran
Drugs on the basis of gelatin, starch, albumine
Drugs on the basis of polyvinylpirrolidone
Saline solutions

At sharp blood losses, shock of various origin, the microcirculation disturbances, intoxications and other processes connected with change of a hemodynamics often apply so-called plasma substituting solutions to substitution of plasma. Sometimes they are called also blood substitutes or carried to blood preparations. However, these drugs do not perform blood function as do not contain uniform elements of blood (if they are specially not added). They are also not sources of power stocks (if power substances - glucose, amino acids, etc. are specially not added to them).
On functional properties and appointment, plasma substituting solutions divide into a number of groups: a) hemodynamic; b) disintoxication; c) regulators of water-salt and acid-base balance.
Hemodynamic drugs are intended mainly for treatment and prevention of shock of various origin, normalization of arterial blood pressure and improvement in general of hemodynamic indicators. They have rather big molecular weight close to the molecular mass of albumine of blood, and at introduction to a blood flow, is rather long circulate in the blood channel, maintaining arterial blood pressure at the necessary level. The main representative of this group is Polyglucinum.
Polyglucinum is one of the plasma substitutes containing glucose polymer solution - a dextran. The dextran can have various extent of polymerization and respectively different molecular weight; from it blood-substituting (plasma substituting) solutions of various functional purpose can be received respectively.
The solutions containing a dextran with a relative molecular weight about 60000 are used as hemodynamic means, and with a smaller molecular weight (30 000 - 40 000) - as disintoxication means. The last promote restoration of a blood-groove in small capillaries, reduce aggregation of uniform elements of blood. At introduction to a blood flow, they strengthen processes of moving of liquid of fabrics to the blood channel, increase a diuresis and, being allocated with kidneys, promote processes of a detoxication. The representative of the disintoxication solutions containing a dextran is reopoliglyukin. As disintoxication and hemodynamic means along with drugs of a dextran also other substances with rather high polymeric weight are used (polyvinylpirrolidone, polyvinyl alcohol, gelatin, etc.).
As disintoxication solutions and also solutions applied to regulation of water-salt and acid-base balance isotonic solution of sodium of chloride and other saline solutions have broad use.

Diseases

© medicine-cure.com - the reference book of drugs, 2016
Attention! Information on the website is intended only for workers of health care!