For prevention of radiation injuries and treatment of different forms, stages and manifestations of radiation sickness a large amount of various medicines is used.
Prophylactics combine "radioprotectors" under general name K. They are used at threat of radiation injuries, radiation therapy of oncological patients, work with radioactive materials.
Part of drugs has the systemic (system) effect. Others are applied locally to prevention and treatment of damages of skin and adjacent fabrics.
As the radioprotectors of systemic effect used, as a rule, inside sulfur-containing connections (see Cystaminum), serotonin derivatives (see Mexaminum), glycerin ethers (see Bathilolum), etc. are used. For protection of a thyroid gland against defeats by radioiodine, use K potassium iodide (see). At hit of radioactive connections in a stomach apply enteral sorbents (Kaktivirovannye coals, etc.); various Kkompleksony (see Pentacinum, Ferrotsin, etc.).
Medicines of the corresponding pharmacological profile apply to treatment of the general manifestations of radiation sickness (defeat of nervous, cardiovascular systems, vomiting, disturbances of a hematopoiesis, etc.) (see also Leucogenum, zymosan Suspension, Actovegin.).
A number of ointments, linimentums and other dosage forms is applied to prevention and treatment of skin radiation injuries (see Thesanum Linimentum, Ointment parmidinovy, Ointment of a dieton, etc.).