Antineoplastic antibiotics — the pharmacological group combining antineoplastic drugs antibiotics with antineoplastic action.
The first antineoplastic antibiotic — Dactinomycinum — was received in 1963. In the subsequent screening of waste products of microbes led to opening of a number of the effective chemotherapeutic antineoplastic drugs which are products of different types of a soil fungi or their synthetic derivatives.
Anthracycline belong to the most effective antineoplastic remedies. Such antibiotics are the bleomycin relating to fleomitsina, Dactinomycinum which is Actinomycinum, and mitomitsin — a peculiar antibiotic with the alkylating action mechanism. Anthracycline antibiotics have immunosuppressive and antibacterial effect, however, as antimicrobic means are not applied. They are applied at many malignant novoobyorazovaniye (different hematologic types of cancer, sarcoma of soft tissues, carcinomas, etc.).
Antineoplastic antibiotics apply independently or more often in combination with other medicines and radiation therapy.