Over the country with might and main there is a flu epidemic. Yesterday in Moscow the flu and SARS quarantine is announced: the incidence exceeded an epidemic threshold for 37.8%. And many ask a question what
effective and what in 2016 do not equal hopes of the treated for flu and various SARS any more. Someone needs only our Russian antiviral means, someone wants to try to be treated by natural antiviral. And someone, having read, for example,
articles of doctor Komarovsky
, asks a question and whether there is in general a sense in intake of antiviral drugs? We prepared the list of drugs which will help you to understand these questions.
The drugs used at treatment of flu and SARS can be divided into three groups: antiviral drugs, immunomodulatory (inductors of interferon), and interferon drugs (contain interferon in structure).
The antiviral drug of new generation relating to group of inhibitors of neuraminidases. Means influences directly a virus, interfering with its reproduction and distribution in an organism. Tamiflu is active concerning influenza viruses of type A and B.
Tamiflu came to the rescue of people who among the first got swine flu a few years ago. Drug of Tamiflu is very effective in fight against an influenza virus the immediate effect on it, interfering with further reproduction.
Remember — it is impossible to accept Tamiflu without the permission of the qualified therapist. This not harmless medicine - at it is both contraindications, and collateral undesirable manifestations: diarrhea, insomnia, nausea, headaches. Drug becomes dangerous at long reception without breaks — it can provoke development of psychoses and depressions. Tamiflu is not used for prevention of viral diseases, only for their treatment. For children drug is contraindicated.
Concerning SARS (catarrhal diseases) Tamiflu is inefficient.
— new domestic antiviral drug which effect is directed to oppression of influenza viruses of type A and B, parainfluenza, an adenoviral and respiratory and syncytial infection. The mechanism of effect of drug is connected with suppression of a reproduction of a virus at a stage of a nuclear phase. Besides, Ingavirin activates production of interferon and has anti-inflammatory effect.
This antiviral drug removes primary symptomatology of viral infection: blocks further development of a virus; suppresses its reproductive functions; has anti-inflammatory effect. Drug can be used only for adults, aged up to 18 years it is contraindicated to children. Among side effects of Ingavirin there are only allergic reactions. It is necessary to remember what, despite all the efficiency, cannot be accepted Ingavirin, without having consulted, previously, the therapist.
— popular antiviral drug which is effective in treatment of the whole group of diseases: influenza viruses And yes In, the heavy sharp respiratory syndrome, the associated coronavirus and also is applied at complex therapy of acute rotavirus intestinal infections. This medicine is not prescribed to children under 3 years, pregnant women and the feeding women is appointed only the doctor. Among side effects of Arbidol there are headaches and also development of individual allergic reactions. Nevertheless, in general is the safe and effective remedy possessing a broad spectrum of activity.
- antiviral drug, derivative the adamantana, suppresses various influenza strains And (swine flu including). Medicine is not prescribed to pregnant women and also children aged till 1 year. Remantadin can make vomiting and sick, a headache and slackness, to reduce concentration of attention. However, such side effects arise quite seldom while the efficiency of drug is high.
is an antiviral medicine of local action. Grease with it infections with flu, mucous for prevention. It is important to note that medicine does not contain interferon and has no therapeutic effect - it is preventive drug. Oxolinic ointment can be applied daily during the periods of epidemics and also at high risk of infection (for example if someone is ill at home). Oxolinic ointment has no contraindications and can be applied to prevention of infection with an airborne way for a long time.
Inductors of interferon
- drug of domestic production, induces interferon synthesis, has antiviral, immunomodulatory effect. The sodium salt of copolymer which is a part causes formation of the late interferon having high antiviral activity. The greatest effect occurs if to begin treatment within the first 24 hours of a disease, but not later than the 4th day after the beginning of an acute infection. For prevention it is possible to accept in any terms, it is better right after contact with the patient of a SARS or flu.
Side effects from Kagotsel's reception practically do not happen, most often they consist in emergence of allergic reactions. Kagotsel it is possible to give to children aged from three years and also the adult. Kagotsel is not recommended for use for pregnant women and the feeding women.
represents this antiviral drug immunomodulatory and antiviral means. Apply Tsikloferon to treatment of a SARS, influenza viruses and herpes. The recommended antiviral drug, proceeding from its name, starts a certain cycle of production of interferon in an organism and supports him at the appropriate level, despite fast removal by kidneys. Appoint Tsikloferon in tablets, or in ampoules. In the first case Tsikloferon accept in 30 minutes prior to food once a day. In the second case Tsikloferon is entered intravenously or intramusculary once a day according to the basic scheme. If it is about treatment of herpes, then Tsikloferon as antiviral drug, is applied on a surface in the form of gel substance.
Amiksin (Tiloron, Lavomax)
- synthetic antiviral drug of new generation. Tiloron active ingredient, possesses antiviral and immunomodulatory action, it is the synthetic inductor of interferon stimulating formation of interferon an alpha, a beta, scale. Drug has the broad spectrum of activity allowing to use it both for treatment of a SARS and in other viral infections. Apply Amiksin to more intensive development by an interferon organism. Thanks to such actions, Amiksin considerably lifts not only the immune system, but also is excellent antiviral means. Amiksin is not toxic and, at moderate dosages, is had excellently. Drug is not appointed to children aged up to 7 years and also to women in the period of a lactation and pregnancy.
- complex immunostimulating, antiviral drug, possesses interferonogenny action. As a part of medicine — Timogen sodium, ascorbic acid, Bendazolum. Timogen synthetic received dipeptide, it enhances nonspecific resistance of an organism. Ascorbic acid normalizes permeability of capillaries, reducing activity of inflammatory process. Bendazolum stimulates production of endogenous interferon in an organism.
Among side effects — ability to reduce arterial blood pressure at those patients who have vegeto-vascular dystonia. Drug is not appointed in an urolithiasis, hypotension, diabetes, stomach ulcer, pregnancy. Tsitovir 3 it is possible to apply to children 1 years are more senior, however at children's age it is better to use drug with care. At Tsitovir's reception the 3rd significant effect of treatment appears for 2-3 day. It is better to begin to use drug from the first days of a disease.
are squirrels informants who are allocated with the cells affected with viruses. They kind of report to other cells about an infection and the required virus inactivation. An alpha of an interferona lymphocytes, a beta – fibroblasts develop.
Recombinant interferon alpha 2b
Receive in the genetically engineered way, does not contain components of human blood. Possesses the significant antiviral action, protects cells from damage, activates the immune system, has antioxidant activity. The high efficiency in a SARS and flu is proved. Representatives of group -
. Viferon is appointed in the form of suppositories (rectal candles) or nose ointment, and grippferon in drops. Also apply to treatment and prevention of flu and a SARS
Recombinant interferon - gamma
Does not contain components of human blood, receive in the genetically engineered way. Possesses expressed by the antiviral, immunostimulating and immunomodulatory action. The representative of group -
, is used in treatment and prevention of flu and SARS including in "bird flu" as a part of complex therapy. Is issued in solution for intranasal use. To children up to 7 years it is not appointed.
The drugs arousing the maximum mistrust of professional doctors
Homeopathic medicine that at once speaks about its zero efficiency as
. Can work only as placebo.
Homeopathic prepearat. According to the instruction, one tablet of drug contains 0.003 grams of active ingredient which, in turn, represents aqueous-alcoholic solution of antibodies to γ-interferon in concentration
nanograms on gram. Thus, the mass of the antibodies which are contained in a tablet is
grams. The mass of one molecule of a required antibody is million times more. I.e. chance to find this "treating" antibody in one tablet of an anaferon 1/83000000, i.e. almost zero.
All listed drugs it is necessary to use the attending physician only according to purpose. In comments below you can share the reviews of these and other drugs. Article will be continuously improved, and we will try to consider your responses.
(to be continued)