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Osteoporosis is a general disease of a skeleton which is characterized by loss of the general bone weight, leading to fractures and deformation of bones. Most often fractures of a neck of a hip or backbone meet, however there are changes and other parts of a skeleton. Generally osteoporosis affects women (especially after a menopause) and elderly people.
Reasons and symptoms of osteoporosis
Bones become thinner, become less strong and elastic with age. Partially this results from the fact that approximately after 35 years the washing away from bones of calcium goes more intensively, than its adjournment in a bone tissue. It is peculiar to all, but at some people is expressed especially strongly and leads to osteoporosis. Among all factors providing skeleton durability, the central place is taken by a ratio of calcium and magnesium. When the amount of magnesium in blood falls, kidneys recover balance, holding less calcium. When concentration of magnesium increases, kidneys remove less calcium. For this reason for an organism first of all magnesium and B6 vitamin which promotes deduction of magnesium in a cell are necessary.
Osteoporosis affects all skeleton, but especially bones of a hip, a forearm and vertebras. Even the light blow (for example when falling on the street) can lead to a change. Moreover, in case of vertebrae the compression changes can take place even for lack of external influence - as a result of the loading created by own weight of a body. Such damages and also flattening of cartilaginous intervertebral disks because of loss of elasticity by them serve as the reason that in an old age of people<растёт вниз>, and his bearing spoils. Osteoporosis is especially widespread among elderly women: after 60 years every fourth has it. At men it arises four times less often. The fact is that to a menopause (age termination of periods) durability of bones is supported by estrogen, and after it their level in an organism falls. Estrogen is antagonists (agents with opposite effect) epithelial body hormone, or parathormone which stimulates increase in concentration of calcium in blood. It comes at the expense of<вымывания> calcium from bones, therefore the deficiency of female sex hormones leads to reduction of their durability, that is change probability at women of old age increases.
Osteoporosis affects also the joints bearing weight of a body (especially coxofemoral and knee), but also all other usually become hardly mobile and painful.
Diagnosis of osteoporosis
For diagnosis of osteoporosis the measurement of mineral density of a bone at DERA-scanning (dual X-ray absorptiometry), and also a tomodensitografiya and other methods is taken.
Treatment of osteoporosis
Today the most effective approach to treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis is the pathogenetic pharmacotherapy at which inhibitors of a resorption of a bone tissue - a bisfosfonata are more often applied. Now it is expensive patent drugs<Бонвива> (1 tablet a month),<Акласта> (1 prick a year),<Фосаванс> (active ingredient + D3 vitamin, 1 tablet in a week).
In addition to medicamentous therapy after spinal fractures the physicians recommend use of the corsets supporting a back. The medical effect at intake of medicines occurs very slowly while the corset supports a backbone right after putting on. However, such corsets in an upper part press belts or other structural elements on skin around shoulders and armpits, and clamp a stomach in the lower part a wide belt. Besides, very seldom the corset is capable to provide ventilation, and skin under it sweats and is rubbed with places.
Prevention of osteoporosis
For prevention of osteoporosis appoint estrogen - in or in the form of hypodermic implants. Help to support durability of bones also balanced diet rich with calcium, and regular physical activities. The risk of osteoporosis increases during the smoking and consumption of alcohol.
The drugs used at treatment of this disease:
To me replaced the left knee joint, there is no improvement, on the contrary, through half of year found osteoporosis, the joint is not bent, pains amplified, in a joint temperature, all analyses good, (the infection in blood is not shown), what should I do keeps constantly? I am 53 years old.
The hope, can at you the climax began and therefore such problems with joints? Just at me such problems then when the climax began began too. The hormonal background to change and bones become brittle. osteoporosis very often women occurs in us, and than we are more senior, stronger it is shown by that. I here drink Filvel, good drug which interferes with caries and me is much lighter.