Asthma bronchial - the disease affecting airways. The main and indicative symptoms of a disease, emergence of attacks of suffocation, and also asthmatic status is. The disease belongs to a kind of chronic, recurrent diseases. By the form diseases, it is subdivided into immunological and not immunological forms, with possible kliniko-pathogenetic options, such as atopic, autoimmune, psychological, dishormonal and infectious and allergic. The factor of change of the sensitive susceptibility and reactivity of bronchial tubes classified by their reaction of passability becomes the general mechanism of a pathogenetic look, for various types of bronchial asthma, at influence by pharmacological and physical factors.
Clinical inspections of a disease of this type, confirm its direct dependence on factors of hereditary origin in every third case. The main allergens influencing manifestations of an allergic form of asthma are dust, vegetable pollen (not bacterial allergens) and various viruses, mushrooms, bacteria (bacterial allergens).
Primary symptoms of the shown disease, are paroxysmal cough, with discharge in cough of a vitreous phlegm. In later form, the disease is caused by emergence of attacks of suffocation in easy and moderately severe, with the subsequent transition to severe forms of suffocation. Attacks are followed by rattles, sneezing and plentiful discharges from a nose of watery mass of secrets. In asthma the breath type when the short sigh alternates with the extended exhalation, followed by dry rattles is characteristic. Long attacks are dangerous by transition to the most undesirable variations of the course of the disease, an asthmatic state which can be allocated in metabolic and anaphylactic forms of an asthmatic state. The metabolic form arises as a result of overdose simpatomimetiky in respiratory infection, adverse meteorological factors and cancellation of corticosteroids. This form is caused by appearance of pain in a shoulder girdle, a thorax, area of an abdominal press and the termination of withdrawal of phlegms. The anaphylactic form arises at the patients suffering from hypersensitivity to drugs and visually is expressed in release of a large number of mediators of allergic reaction, and is followed by bad attacks of suffocation.
Treatment of a disease is carried out by various therapeutic influences which depend on a stage in which to be the patient, a form and the initial cause of primary symptoms of this disease.
The major condition at treatment and the main thing in timely definition of symptomatology of a disease, remains timely dispensary observation at experts.