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Bronchial asthma


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Бронхиальная астма

Asthma bronchial - the disease affecting airways. The main and indicative symptoms of a disease, emergence of attacks of suffocation, and also asthmatic status is. The disease belongs to a kind of chronic, recurrent diseases. By the form diseases, it is subdivided into immunological and not immunological forms, with possible kliniko-pathogenetic options, such as atopic, autoimmune, psychological, dishormonal and infectious and allergic. The factor of change of the sensitive susceptibility and reactivity of bronchial tubes classified by their reaction of passability becomes the general mechanism of a pathogenetic look, for various types of bronchial asthma, at influence by pharmacological and physical factors.

Clinical inspections of a disease of this type, confirm its direct dependence on factors of hereditary origin in every third case. The main allergens influencing manifestations of an allergic form of asthma are dust, vegetable pollen (not bacterial allergens) and various viruses, mushrooms, bacteria (bacterial allergens).

Primary symptoms of the shown disease, are paroxysmal cough, with discharge in cough of a vitreous phlegm. In later form, the disease is caused by emergence of attacks of suffocation in easy and moderately severe, with the subsequent transition to severe forms of suffocation. Attacks are followed by rattles, sneezing and plentiful discharges from a nose of watery mass of secrets. In asthma the breath type when the short sigh alternates with the extended exhalation, followed by dry rattles is characteristic. Long attacks are dangerous by transition to the most undesirable variations of the course of the disease, an asthmatic state which can be allocated in metabolic and anaphylactic forms of an asthmatic state. The metabolic form arises as a result of overdose simpatomimetiky in respiratory infection, adverse meteorological factors and cancellation of corticosteroids. This form is caused by appearance of pain in a shoulder girdle, a thorax, area of an abdominal press and the termination of withdrawal of phlegms. The anaphylactic form arises at the patients suffering from hypersensitivity to drugs and visually is expressed in release of a large number of mediators of allergic reaction, and is followed by bad attacks of suffocation.

Treatment of a disease is carried out by various therapeutic influences which depend on a stage in which to be the patient, a form and the initial cause of primary symptoms of this disease.

The major condition at treatment and the main thing in timely definition of symptomatology of a disease, remains timely dispensary observation at experts.

The drugs used at treatment of this disease:

Adrenalinum
Andecalinum
Aprophenum
Arpenalum
Astemizole
Atropinum
Beclomethasone Dipropionas (Beclometasoni dipropionas)
Benzohexonium
Berodual
Betamethasonum
Bicarphenum
Halidor
Halometasone
Gangleronum
Hexoprenaline
Hygronium
Hydrocortisonum
Hydrocortisoni acetas
Hydrocortisone gemisuktsinat (Hydrocortisoni hemisuccinas)
Histaglobulinum
Homatropine hydrobromide (Homatropini hydrobromidum)
Datiscanum
Cortexone acetate (Desoxycorticosteroni acetas)
Cortexone trimetilatsetat (Desoxycorticosteroni trimethylacetas)
Dexamethasonum
Depersolon
Diazolinum
Dibazolum
Dihydrotachisterolum
Dilminal D
Dimebonum
Dimedrolum
Dimecolinum
Dimenhydrinatum
Diprazinum
Diprophenum
Diprophyllinum
Dobutaminum
Dephedrinum
Isadrinum
Imechinum
Ipratropium bromide (Ipratropium bromide)
Iodum
Potassium iodide (Kalii iodidum)
Calcium gluconate (Calcii gluconas)
Calcium lactate (Calcii lactas)
Calcii chloridum
Camphonium
Quateronum
Khellinum
Cortisonum
Cromolyn sodium
Xantinoli nicotinas
Leaves of a henbane (Folia Hyoscyami)
Leaves of a dope (Folia Daturae stramonii)
Methacinum
Methylprednisolonum
Mixture antiasthmatic (Mixtura antiasthmatica Trascovi)
Natrii iodidum
Naftidrofuryl
Nedocromil sodium
Neobenzinolum for injections (Neobenzinolum pro injectionibus)
No-Spa
Novocainum
Omeprazole
Ortsiprenalina sulfate (Orciprenalini sulfas)
Papaverinum
Parathyroidin for injections (Parathyreodinum pro injectionibus)
Pachycarpinum
Pentaminum
Pentoxyphyllin
Pirenzepine
Pirilenum
Platyphyllinum
Fruits of a hawthorn (Fructus Crataegi)
Fruits of raspberry (Fructus Rubiidaei)
Prednisolonum
Prednisolonhemisuccinas
Drugs of a belladonna (Folia Atropae belladonnae)
Propantelin bromide (Propantheline bromide)
Ranitidine
Solution of iodine of alcohol 5% (Solutio Iodi spirituosa of 5%)
Solution of lugol (Solutio Lugoli)
Salbutamolum
Setastine
Synaflanum
Scopolaminum
Spasmolytinum
Suprastin
Tablets "Microiodum" (Tabulettae "Microiodum" obductae)
Tablets "Teobiolong" (Tabulettae "Theobiolongum")
Tablets "Teopek" (Tabulettae "Theopecum")
Tavegil
Temechinum
Theobrominum
Theophyllinum
Terbutalin
Triamcinolonum
Triamcinolonum acetonide (Triamcinoloni acetonidum)
Troventolum
Famotidine
Phenicaberanum
Phencarolum
Fenoterolum
Floverinum
Flumethasonum pivalat (Flumethasoni pivalas)
Fluodrocortisone acetate (Fludrocortisone acetate)
Fubromeganum
Chlorozilum
Flowers of elder of black (Flores Sambuci nigrae)
Linden flowers ()
Cimetidinum
Cyproheptadinum
Euphyllinum
Ephedrinum

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