Alcoholics suffer from disturbances of functions of different systems of an organism (the central and peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular, endocrine systems, etc.) therefore they in complex therapy of alcoholics apply medicines of various pharmacological groups.
Universal remedy of pathogenetic pharmacotherapy of alcoholism does not exist so far. Medicines apply to simplification of disaccustoming from alcohol intake, stopping of the phenomena of abstinency.
As means for elaboration of negative uslovnoreflektorny reaction to alcohol vomitives have broad use (see Apomorphinum, Emetin, etc.); the drugs causing negative cardiovascular reactions in certain doses (see Xantinoli nicotinas; niacin); the drugs changing metabolism of alcohol in an organism (see Teturamum, Metronidazole, Furasolidone), etc.
For stopping and simplification of the phenomena of abstinency add tranquilizers and sedatives, K chlormetiazol (gemineyrin), etc. In an alcoholic coma apply Knalokson.
At treatment of alcoholics widely use neuroleptics (Triphtazinum, etc.), tranquilizers (Sibazonum, Phenazepamum, etc.), antidepressants (Azaphenum, Pyrazidolum, tetrindol, Imipraminum), piracetam; cardiovascular means, vitamins and some other medicines.
Recently began to apply thyme broth to removal of a dipsomania (see a thyme Grass).