The diarrhea is a frequent, loose and plentiful stool. It is dangerous by sharp dehydration of an organism. Infections of a digestive tract, the worm, improper feeding, an emotional stress, poisoning with medicines, an intestinal dysbiosis can be the cause of a diarrhea. It is necessary to pay attention to chair frequency, it was begun to smell (acid, putrefactive), by color (gray, white), blood impurity.
In most cases ponosa are symptom of acute or chronic colitis (disease of a large intestine) or enteritis (disease of a small intestine).
Distinguish ponosa infectious, alimentary, dispepsichesky, toxic, medicamentous and neurogenic.
Infectious ponosa are noted in dysentery, salmonellosises, food toxicoinfections, viral diseases (viral diarrhea), an amebiasis, etc.
Disorders of intestinal motility, generally acceleration of advance of contents on intestines occur in most of patients with a diarrhea: at the same time the vermicular movement, mainly movements of an intestinal wall thanks to which there is a hashing of contents at some forms of a ponosa is weakened.
Treatment of a diarrhea is directed first of all to elimination of the causes of a diarrhea and a basic disease. Along with causal treatment apply the means influencing pathophysiological mechanisms of a diarrhea. The patient appoint plentiful drink, mechanically and chemically sparing diet with the reduced general caloric content of food, taking into account the nature of a basic disease. Most often use various options of diet No. 4, or combine it with diarrhea medicine. It is necessary to avoid the food promoting fast bowel emptying (exclude the products containing rough cellulose, fats, sugary substances, organic acids, carbonic acid, salty and cold food). The food delaying bowel emptying, viscous (mucous soups, kissels, etc.) or wiped is recommended; drinks should be taken in heat a look. Limit the products containing lactose. In some cases use of a bezglyutenovy diet (exception of a diet of bread and other products of wheat and rye flour, barley, oats) is effective.
Diarrhea: drugs at treatment. As in a diarrhea liquid is lost, it is necessary to start compensation of its loss at once. Solutions of salts are for this purpose recommended, which are preparing by dissolution of one bag of mix of salts in 0.5 l of clean drinking water, previously boiled and cooled. Proved as very horoshoy diarrhea medicine the Finnish drug "Regidron" which contains sodium of chloride 3.5 g, sodium of citrate of 2.9 g, potassium of chloride of 2.5 g, glucose of 10 g. Other diarrhea medicine put often into practice: Glyukosan (sodium of chloride of 3.5 g, sodium of bicarbonate of 2.5 g, potassium of chloride of 1.5 g, glucose of 20 g) and Tsitroglyu-kosan (sodium of chloride of 1.5 g, potassium of chloride of 1.25 g, sodium of citrate 2-water - 1.45 g, glucose of 7.5 g). Each 12-24 h it is necessary to do fresh solution of salts, the prepared solution is not subject to boiling.
Diarrhea at the child
The diarrhea can be caused in the child by various reasons. Most often the intestinal infection caused by microbes or viruses is guilty of it. Sometimes the diarrhea is only a symptom of the general or localized infection (a nasopharyngitis, a tonsillitis, otitis).
Less often the diarrhea can be a consequence of the wrong feeding, for example, of overfeeding. Some drugs also provoke a diarrhea, in particular this property drugs on the basis of iron have. The loose stool at the child can appear also at reception of an antibiotic of erythromycin.
In a diarrhea to exclude dairy products from a diet of the child at once. It is recommended to refrain within 1–2 days from heavy food depending on weight of manifestation of symptoms to provide rest to digestive tract. At this time it is obligatory to drink hot water to offset liquid loss. Then gradually to enter products into a diet.
In a fermentative diarrhea it is necessary to limit food, carbohydrate-rich, and is generally proteinaceous (eggs, meat and fish). In a putrefactive diarrhea, on the contrary, proteinaceous products (especially animal protein) are not recommended and food, carbohydrate-rich is appointed (sugar, biscuit, crackers, potatoes, kissels, porridges). Such diet is short-term as food is not balanced. In process of improvement of a state, food should be diversified. Crude products can be eaten after complete recovery.
It is necessary to remember that hot strong tea, cocoa, broths and dried pears compotes have the knitting effect. One of the most effective house remedies in a diarrhea – serum. It helps to restore healthy intestinal microflora after a diarrhea. To drink 3–4 times a day with a salt pinch.