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The diarrhea is a frequent, loose and plentiful stool. It is dangerous by sharp dehydration of an organism. Infections of a digestive tract, the worm, improper feeding, an emotional stress, poisoning with medicines, an intestinal dysbiosis can be the cause of a diarrhea. It is necessary to pay attention to chair frequency, it was begun to smell (acid, putrefactive), by color (gray, white), blood impurity.

In most cases ponosa are symptom of acute or chronic colitis (disease of a large intestine) or enteritis (disease of a small intestine).

Distinguish ponosa infectious, alimentary, dispepsichesky, toxic, medicamentous and neurogenic.

Infectious ponosa are noted in dysentery, salmonellosises, food toxicoinfections, viral diseases (viral diarrhea), an amebiasis, etc. 

Disorders of intestinal motility, generally acceleration of advance of contents on intestines occur in most of patients with a diarrhea: at the same time the vermicular movement, mainly movements of an intestinal wall thanks to which there is a hashing of contents at some forms of a ponosa is weakened.

Treatment of a diarrhea is directed first of all to elimination of the causes of a diarrhea and a basic disease. Along with causal treatment apply the means influencing pathophysiological mechanisms of a diarrhea. The patient appoint plentiful drink, mechanically and chemically sparing diet with the reduced general caloric content of food, taking into account the nature of a basic disease. Most often use various options of diet No. 4, or combine it with diarrhea medicine. It is necessary to avoid the food promoting fast bowel emptying (exclude the products containing rough cellulose, fats, sugary substances, organic acids, carbonic acid, salty and cold food). The food delaying bowel emptying, viscous (mucous soups, kissels, etc.) or wiped is recommended; drinks should be taken in heat a look. Limit the products containing lactose. In some cases use of a bezglyutenovy diet (exception of a diet of bread and other products of wheat and rye flour, barley, oats) is effective.

Diarrhea: drugs at treatment. As in a diarrhea liquid is lost, it is necessary to start compensation of its loss at once. Solutions of salts are for this purpose recommended, which are preparing by dissolution of one bag of mix of salts in 0.5 l of clean drinking water, previously boiled and cooled. Proved as very horoshoy diarrhea medicine the Finnish drug "Regidron" which contains sodium of chloride 3.5 g, sodium of citrate of 2.9 g, potassium of chloride of 2.5 g, glucose of 10 g. Other diarrhea medicine put often into practice: Glyukosan (sodium of chloride of 3.5 g, sodium of bicarbonate of 2.5 g, potassium of chloride of 1.5 g, glucose of 20 g) and Tsitroglyu-kosan (sodium of chloride of 1.5 g, potassium of chloride of 1.25 g, sodium of citrate 2-water - 1.45 g, glucose of 7.5 g). Each 12-24 h it is necessary to do fresh solution of salts, the prepared solution is not subject to boiling.

Diarrhea at the child

The diarrhea can be caused in the child by various reasons. Most often the intestinal infection caused by microbes or viruses is guilty of it. Sometimes the diarrhea is only a symptom of the general or localized infection (a nasopharyngitis, a tonsillitis, otitis).

Less often the diarrhea can be a consequence of the wrong feeding, for example, of overfeeding. Some drugs also provoke a diarrhea, in particular this property drugs on the basis of iron have. The loose stool at the child can appear also at reception of an antibiotic of erythromycin.

In a diarrhea to exclude dairy products from a diet of the child at once. It is recommended to refrain within 1–2 days from heavy food depending on weight of manifestation of symptoms to provide rest to digestive tract. At this time it is obligatory to drink hot water to offset liquid loss. Then gradually to enter products into a diet.

In a fermentative diarrhea it is necessary to limit food, carbohydrate-rich, and is generally proteinaceous (eggs, meat and fish). In a putrefactive diarrhea, on the contrary, proteinaceous products (especially animal protein) are not recommended and food, carbohydrate-rich is appointed (sugar, biscuit, crackers, potatoes, kissels, porridges). Such diet is short-term as food is not balanced. In process of improvement of a state, food should be diversified. Crude products can be eaten after complete recovery.

It is necessary to remember that hot strong tea, cocoa, broths and dried pears compotes have the knitting effect. One of the most effective house remedies in a diarrhea – serum. It helps to restore healthy intestinal microflora after a diarrhea. To drink 3–4 times a day with a salt pinch.

The drugs used at treatment of this disease:

Aluminii hydroxydum
Bismuth nitrate of main (Bismuthi subnitras)
Liquid of a drill (Liquor Burovi)
Kalmagin (Granulae "Calmaginum")
Calcium a carbonate besieged (Calcii carbonas praecipitatus)
Alum burned (Alumen ustum)
Bark of an oak (Cortex Quercus)
Rhizomes of a coil (Rhizomata Bistortae)
Rhizomes and roots of a burnet (Rhizomata cum radicibus Sanguisorbae)
Rhizomes of a silverweed (Rhizomata Tormentillae)
Linimentum Alor (Linimentum "Alorom")
Leaves of a sage (Folia Salviae officinales)
Magnesium carbonate of main (Magnesii subcarbonas)
Magnesium oxide (Magnesii oxydum)
Magnesium peroxide (Magnesii peroxydum)
Ointment of a gliderinin (Unguentum Glyderinini)
Mezy forte (Mezym forte)
Panzinorm forte (Panzynorm forte)
Fruits of a bird cherry (Fructus Padi)
Fruits of bilberry (Fructus Myrtilli)
Lead acetate (Plumbum aceticum)
Seeds of a flax (Semina Lini)
Gastric juice natural (Succus gastricus naturalis)
Compound fruits of an alder (Fructus Alni)
Tablets "Vicairum" (Tabulettae "Vicairum")
Tablets "Vicalinum" (Tabulettae "Vicalinum")
Tannin (Tanninum, Acidum tannicum)
Grass of a St. John's wort (Herba Hyperici)
Grass of an everlastings of uliginose (Herba Gnaphalii uliginosi)
Grass of a train (Herba Bidentis)
Flowers of a meadowsweet of vyazolistny (Flores Filipendulae ulmariae)
Flowers of a camomile (Flores Chamomillae Recutitatae)
Cytochrome with (Cytochromum C)
20.11.2014 14:41
Personally in a diarrhea always imodium helps out me. I say every time to myself that it is necessary to eat properly. But, as there is a wish, all the same it is impossible. The operating schedule does not allow to eat only the correct products therefore sometimes I eat fast food, sometimes business lunches. Here and result. But, because to a first-aid kit always imodium lies, especially I do not worry, I know that it quickly will restore a chair.
03.12.2014 19:23
You know, Lera, I too imodium keep recently in a bag. Even I do not know, but somehow recently, slightly that I will not eat, at once diarrhea begins. And, it is clear that every time from work you will not ask for leave therefore it is necessary to take measures urgently. And, here is how time imodium always very quickly stops diarrhea. Therefore also I use it in such situations.
04.01.2015 23:19
Diarrhea piece unpleasant, and here in the morning on the first of January together with a headache, so in general best New Year's "gift". In a house first-aid kit nothing from a stomach appeared, it was necessary the daughter as the most vigorous (the benefit from children's champagne of consequences any) to send to pharmacy. There advised it Imodium. And not for nothing - immediately everything was normalized and it was already possible to be engaged in disposal of a headache and a breakfast :)
17.01.2015 08:01
Ftalazolum super means.imodium will paralyze intestines, and Ftalazolum antimicrobial means
29.10.2015 14:00
And at us all drink peppercorn in such cases. Did not you try?
Ekaterina Zvonar
30.10.2015 15:31
Black pepper? Usual, which? I did not even know. It will be necessary to try. I somehow got used already Imodiumy to resolve this issue, and how many years already. The only thing that to me was advised by my friend, is obligatory to use it still Enterosgel to bring hazardous substances out of an organism. And I do!
02.11.2015 23:59
I did not begin to drink black pepper. And in general I against such here too national methods. Usually, if diarrhea happens at me, then I accept Loperamide-quinacrine, it helps very well, in a few minutes already everything begins to cease and it is possible to leave a toilet))
14.11.2015 09:01
Darya, well I do not know even, I somehow got used imodium to take, really cheaper means helps not worse?
14.11.2015 11:08
Natalya, is not worse at all, I tried therefore not just like that I speak. They have a structure identical so not from where there to differences to undertake. The difference turns out only in the price. Loperamide-quinacrine releases, our Russian producer, quality at it always at the level, but at the same time does not wind the price.

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