Skin hemosiderosis (purpurozno-pigmentary dermatosis; a purpurozny and pigmentary capillaritis) - the general name of the dermatosis resulting from damage of blood vessels with an exit of erythrocytes in perivascular fabric and adjournment in a hemosiderin derma.
Secondary hemosideroses can be observed in places of injuries and also as result of expansion and increase in permeability of capillaries at chronic venous insufficiency.
Symptoms of a hemosiderosis of skin
Distinguish primary and secondary hemosiderosis of skin. Infectious diseases, intoxications (for example, the centers of persistent infection), neuroendocrinal disturbances (for example, diabetes), the general vascular pathology (for example, a hypertension), etc. play a role in development of primary hemosiderosis of skin. The secondary hemosiderosis of skin develops on places of the previous damage of skin in various skin diseases (for example, in dermatitis, eczema, neurodermatitis), skin injuries, etc. The contributing factors for development of a hemosiderosis of skin are circulatory disturbances, is more often in the lower extremities (long stay standing, perfigeration, injuries, etc.).
The hemosiderosis of skin is shown in the form of the small brownish brown spots located more often on skin of the lower extremities in the form of the separate limited centers or is disseminate. Allocate several forms of a disease, among to-rykh Shamberg the disease most often meets.
Causes of a hemosiderosis
- Hereditary diseases;
- Diseases of a system of bodies of blood circulation;
- Infectious diseases;
- Blood transfusion
Treatment of a hemosiderosis
Ascorbic acid of 0.25 g 3 times a day, Rutinum of 0.05 — 0.1 g 3 times a day, Dimedrol of 0.03 — 0.05 g 3 times a day, calcium drugs (10% calcium chloride solution on 1 table. l. 3 times a day, a calcium gluconate on 0.5 g 3 times a day). Treatment is carried out within 3 — 4 weeks, depending on a clinical picture.